Sweco Turkey has been awarded the project to manage ship generated waste in order to attain sustainable marine ecosystem with minimized ship waste pollution. In the scope of the project, 20 activities were defined to update legislation, prevent the potential effects of ship generated waste and ballast sediments, train and raise awareness of local and central authorities, and develop waste reception and management infrastructure, along with the information technology systems.
Turkey is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea. The latter two are connected through the Çanakkale Strait, the Sea of Marmara and the Istanbul Strait. These Turkish Straits in particular are vulnerable for the sea water being polluted by illegal waste discharges as well as by oil spills from ships. The intensity of marine traffic increases, as well as the subsequent chance of calamities. The Turkish authorities recognise this danger and have developed legislation aligned with the EU acquis that serves as a basis for a structural approach towards minimisation of sea and shore pollution with oil and other harmful substances.
Sweco’s work on the assignment has started in March 2015 and will continue through the end of the first quarter of 2017.
Under the assignment, port waste management plans for İzmit and İskenderun Bays will be prepared and IT systems of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization to track the ship generated waste data will be developed. As a result, the capacity of the relevant authorities will be developed and the wastes and ballast sediments will be managed more efficiently by the use of the updated legislation. This will lead to cleaner seas and coastal areas in Turkey.
Background data for the studies are collected through site visits conducted to the main Turkish ports and through interviews with the main stakeholders. Moreover, discussions are held in the working groups composed of the representatives of the marine sector. Study tours have been planned in order to view the best practices across Europe, on port waste management and ballast sediment management, illegal discharges and small ports and marinas.
Two major sets of trainings have been planned in order to raise awareness and develop capacity. The first set of trainings will be dedicated to the practical implementation of port waste management plans and ballast sediments management. Second set of training is dedicated to the prevention of illegal discharges from ships.